Mauni Amavasya

Published On : March 25, 2024  |  Author : Astrologer Pt Umesh Chandra Pant

What is Mauni Amavasya?

Mauni Amavasya is a special festival dedicated to our religious deeds, donation, and bathing. According to astrology and customs of Hinduism, the relevance of each date is associated with a particular story. And attached with it is people’s beliefs and religious sentiments. Through culture, people can easily understand the importance of preserving trees and plants, apart from understanding what responsibility they have on this earth and how they can keep water, forest and air etc. neat and clean. For this reason, the thirtieth date, which falls in the month of Jyeshtha Krishna Paksha, is called Amavasya. It holds special value. On this day, activities including bathing are carried out while observing silence fasting (Maun Vrat), thus, the name of this festival is known as Mauni Amavasya. Because of the day and Yoga in particular, the importance of this festival sounds even more.

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Importance of Mauni Amavasya

Mauni Amavasya has its importance from the standpoint of religion, health and good luck. This festival, on one hand, drives religious-centric people towards Godhead, it, on other hand, is utterly auspicious virtue for ancestors and forefathers. Whatever donation and worship are carried out on this day in the name of Gods and forefathers, it gives result several times more valuable. As a result, many sins of humans are neutralized, their sins and sufferings caused by malefic planets are also destroyed. Bathing and donating silently on this day would be extremely rewarding, religiously. On this day, women and men take bath in the pilgrimage of Ganga, Yamuna etc. to protect their richness and good fortune. On other hand, married women, after attending bathing and other rituals, worship the Peepal or Banyan tree and offer prayers to it for the protection of their husbands. The importance of bathing during Mauni Amavasya has been in practice since ages, about which Bhishma told Yudhishthira in Dvapara Yuga, that whoever women and men, during this festival, take bath in the reservoirs of holy rivers, get cured of various types of diseases. On the other hand, temporal sorrows are also cured, and devotees attain good health.

Importance Of Silence Fasting On Mauni Amavasya

There is special ritual to be followed for bathing without conversing during Mauni Amavasya. The sin of someone taking a bath while talking or speaking destroys his/her silence fasting. The catch is, those who perform the silence vrat while remaining soundless gets equanimity and peace, not achieved by those who break silence on this vrat. Therefore, this fast is known as Mauni Amavasya only because of observing silent fast and attainment of desired wishes. Due to the careful observance of this fast, the mankind attains peace and happiness in life. On the other hand, they get their wishes fulfilled. Hence, this festival grants the power of silent concentration, with which the biggest of bigger goals in life can easily be materialized. The order of this silent fast has been in practice since time immemorial. On this festival, women do 108 walk around Peepal and banyan tree silently, in order to protect their husband’s lives.

Pilgrimage Bathing And Mauni Amavasya

According to the narratives found in ancient texts and Puranas; war, date, constellation, yoga, Karan and the transits of planets cause stillness of very positive energy in the waters of Ganga shrine on Amavasya. It is like nectar and gives religious virtue. That is why activities like bathing, donation, worship, chanting, and austerity, on this day, are more auspicious than other days, and devotees get auspicious results thousands of times higher when they recite Shri Hari on the day of Mauni Amavasya. This pleases Shri Hari who then grants his devotees fulfilment of their desired wishes. As told in Shri Padma Purana, in this context, that Lord Vishnu is pleased more with the bath of Mauni Amavasya by devotees compared to other bathing they conduct on other days. The confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati is called Sangam, also known as the king of pilgrimages i.e. Tirtharaj Prayag. Here, on the day of Mauni Amavasya, bathing on the banks of pilgrimages like Sangam, Ganga, Kaveri, Narmada, Sindhu etc. with devotion can make the lives of devotees prosperous. On this festival, bathing in the holy sites of Ganga and other pious rivers removes the pains, sorrows, diseases of devotees, and opens the door to success in their lives.

The Auspicious Results Of Doing Pitri Yagya And Tarpan On Mauni Amavasya

On Mauni Amavasya, creation of extremely effective Yogas takes place in the holy rivers of Ganga, Yamuna, Sindhu, Kavedi, Nervada etc. As a result of this, gods and ancestors appear there. And that water is very pure and beneficial, which serves in performing rituals dedicated to deceased ancestors, like donations and tarpans etc. and which also is the giver of salvation to the ancestors by eliminating their sins of many births. At the same time, it gives desired results to the doer of Pitri Yagya.

Mauni Amavasya And Welfare Measures

On the advent of Mauni Amavasya, married women, to protect their husbands, should walk around Peepal or banyan tree by 108 times. One should keep a silent fast and bathe in the holy rivers. The name of the ancestors should be remembered in mind and Tarpan should be offered. Do this Tarpan facing south direction. Chant or get mantras dedicated to ancestors chanted by a priest. Offer Arghya with red flowers, red sandalwood, etc. kept in a copper pot to Shri Suryanarayana. Offer pure cow milk to the holy rivers of Ganga and other holy sites and worship them with sandalwood, flowers, incense sticks and diya. Donations should be given to the poor as much as possible. To remove diseases and planetary obstacles; donate jaggery for Sun doshas and donate sugar- candy, sugar and rice to remove lunar and Venus doshas to a scholarly priest and Brahman. If you are under tremendous pressure of debts, perform worship or have it done by a priest to lord Ganesha. Observe vrat and maintain self-restrain, and have sweet foods.

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Mauni Amavasya And Its Mythological Beliefs

Mauni Amavasya is associated with various mythological beliefs and tales. One of them is related to the elixir pot (Amrit Kalash) born out of churning of the ocean. This is the reason why celebration of Mega Kumbh festival in places like Ujjain, Prayag, and Nashik happens. If this festival falls on Monday, then it becomes more and more auspicious. The reason behind this is that the lord of this day had protected the pot of elixir, and the few droplets off the pot fell on these banks of the Ganges, thereby causing the flow of the same nectar in them. Similarly, another story is related to the self-proclaimed son of Shri Brahma, Manu. He had done silence penance here for a long time, which enhances the importance of Mauni Amavasya. During Mauni Amavasya festival, where the sight of long queue of general public is common, on other hand, we witness the heart- pleasing sight of royal Sangam Snana done by saints and monks hailing from different arenas, abbeys, temples and sects.

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