Goddess Brahmacharini – Second Day of NavratriDate : March 16, 2017 | Author : Astrologer Pt Umesh Chandra Pant
The story behind the origin of second Goddess Durga Brahmacharini Day 2
The sacred land of India has time and again experienced divinity of gods and goddesses for the welfare of living beings since time immemorial. In this life which is dominated by Maya, individual experiences sorrow, grief, fear, diseases, etc. Hence, one worship Goddess Durga to get rid of these issues from his life. Sri Durga is known as Brahmacharini on earth as her second manifestation. This form of the goddess is full of light, strength, and tapas (penance). Second Form of Maa Durga Maa Brahmacharini incarnated on the second day of Navaratri. She destroyed the demons with her penance and strength. She always blesses her devotees generously and fulfills their desires out of kindness. Goddess holds a rosary in the right hand and a kamandalu (vessel) in the left hand.
Second Form of Maa Durga Maa Brahmacharini is related to Sacchidananda. The one who bestows sacred experience of Sacchidananda form of Brahman to the devotees. Hence the goddess which ultimately leads the sadhaka to the divine experience of Parabrahman is Brahma-chaarini. With her worship, one gains control, morality, strength, confidence, and sattvic nature. One gets rid of imprudence, discontent, and greed. There is the enrichment of enthusiasm, courage, and patience in life. One becomes more aware of his deeds. The one who makes life beautiful, happy, prosperous and enriched is goddess Durga Brahmacharini. She is the one who dispels bad qualities like fear, lethargy, ego, and ignorance. She makes the way of life more accessible, makes the individual pure and refined and finally confers all kind of happiness to her children. She is the embodiment of light and hope for those who have deviated from their path and those who have lost patience in the time of crisis. Goddess Brahmacharini is the aspect of the divine which motivates the devotees to achieve the goal of their life and to achieve excellence in their respective paths. Ashwin Navaratri, a golden opportunity for Durga devotees. Register today and get your free gift.
Procedure for the worship of Goddess Brahmacharini
Mother (Maa) Brahmacharini is the second form of Sri Durga. There is a tradition of worshiping her on the second Navaratra. Hence one should try to follow the authentic procedure for the Maa Durga Puja. One should collect all the required items well in advance. On the second day of Navratri, one should maintain chastity by bathing and wear clean clothes. Then one should sit in a temple or at the worship place of the house with the pure mind in front of the goddess and do the pooja. In the poojan, one should also include worship of Lord Ganesha and other deities and also meditate on Sri Brahmacharini. One should adopt a shodashopachara procedure for worshiping the goddess. If you find it feasible, you should conduct the chanting of Durga Saptashati by the priests. If you are doing it yourself, you should maintain cleanliness and offer the pooja materials one by one including, lamp, sandalwood, incense, flowers, and finally offer naivedyam (eatables) and bow down to the goddess and express your wishes. After the pooja is complete, one should offer the whole pooja to the goddess and ask for forgiveness. Ashwin Navaratri Durga Puja, a golden opportunity for Durga devotees. Register today and get your free gift.
Mythological tale of Goddess Brahmacharini
As per the information in the Puranas, Devi Brahacharini was born in the family of king Himalaya. Her mother was Maina. Once upon a time, while wandering in different places, sage Narada visited the Himalayas. King of Himalayas gladly received him and served him well with utmost respect and welcomed him. After discussing whereabouts with the sage, king Himalaya asked him about the future of his daughter also. After seeing the palm of the girl, Narada told many things about her life. However, he mentioned about obstacles in her marriage also. After the departure of the sage, Maina asked her husband about the wedding of her daughter and expressed her concerns after the prediction of Narada. King Himalaya narrated all the details as said to him by Sri Narada. King also told that Narada had suggested several austerities (vratas) and anushthanas be followed for overcoming marital issues and getting the desired husband. As suggested by the great sage, daughter of Himalaya, Maa Brahmacharini started rigorous penance which continued for thousands of years. Brahmacharini did penance in the forest and consumed minimal food such as fruits or plant products for thousands of years. This is explained by sriGoswamiTulasidas in his RamcharitManas as “kachhu din bhojanvaaribataasa | keenhkachhuk din kathinupavaasa ||” which means that the penance was so deep and intense that even the gods and lord brahma had to acknowledge it and had to visit the place. As a result, Lord Brahma granted her the boon of getting Lord Shiva as her consort. Thus, Goddess Brahmacharini married Lord Shiva with the power of her penance.
Mantra for Devi Brahmacharini
There are many puranic and agama scriptures which talk about different mantras of Maa Brahmacharini. There are several mantras for welfare and progress of the people. For example, there are mantras for gaining fame, beauty, victory, success, and also for escaping from vices such as anger, lust, greed etc. for the above purposes, one should recite the mantras with faith and surrender.
हिमाचलसुतानाथसंस्तुते परमेश्वरि। रूपं देहि जयं देहि यशो देहि द्विषो जहि।।
नमो देव्यै महादेव्यै शिवायै सततं नमः । नमः प्रकृत्यै भद्रायै नियताः प्रणता स्मताम।।
Himaachala sutaa naatha sanstute parameshwari |
Roopam dehi jayam dehi yasho dehi dwisho jahi ||
Namo Devyai Mahaa-Devyai Shivaayai Satatam Namah |
Namah Prakrtyai Bhadraayai Niyataah Pranataah Sma Taam ||
Glory of Brahmacharini
The greatness of maa Brahmacharini puja is given in various chapters of Durga Saptashati. Due to the penance and divine power of the goddess, living beings on earth get light and strength. Here we are giving some of the important points from the Durga Saptashati.
We bow to the Goddess, to the great Shivaa, to the divine energy of cosmic Goodness. We prostrate, to prakriti, and to bhadraa.We constantly bow down to the supreme goddess Jagadamba. Salutations to the great Raudraa. We prostrate to nityaa, gauri, and dhaatri with respect. We humbly bow to the great jagadamba who is the consort of Lord Shiva. We bow to Durga who is the dispeller of obstacles and danger and who is the essence of all the living beings of the world. Great sage spoke “O king! When the celestial beings were singing the glory of thesupreme goddess, Devi Parvati arrived on the banks of sacred river Ganges”. The extremely beautiful and divine looking goddess asked the gods, “Whom are you people worshiping?”, a great energy came from the Goddess Parvati and manifested in front of everyone and said, “when the devatas were outshined by demon Shumbha and defeated by the king of demon Nishumbha, they came here and prayed for me.” From the goddess herself, another goddess manifested as ambika and is popularly known as Kaushiki in the world. After the manifestation of Kaushiki, the body of goddess Parvati had become darker. Because of the above fact, she is known as “Kalika Devi” in the Himalayas.